Category Sub-Genres

Grindcore

GRINDCORE (1987-present)

GrindcoreGrindcore is an extreme genre of music that originated in the early to mid-1980s. It draws inspiration from some of the most abrasive-sounding genres – including Hardcore Punk, Thrash Metal, Crust Punk, Industrial and Noise Rock. Grindcore is characterized by a noise-filled sound that uses heavily distorted, down-tuned guitars, grinding overdriven bass, high speed tempo, blast beats, and vocals which consist of growls and high-pitched shrieks. Early groups like Napalm Death are credited with laying the groundwork for the style. It is most prevalent today in North America and Europe, with popular contributors such as Brutal Truth and Nasum...

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Metalcore

METALCORE (1985-present)

Metalcore is a broad fusion genre of Extreme Metal and Hardcore Punk. The name is a blend of the names of the two genres. Metalcore is noted for its use of breakdowns, which are slow, intense passages that are conducive to moshing. Pioneering Metalcore bands – such as Integrity, Earth Crisis and Converge, all of which had formed by 1990 – are described as leaning more toward Hardcore, with their style sometimes being called Metallic Hardcore, whereas later bands – such as Killswitch Engage, All That Remains, As I Lay Dying, Bullet for My Valentine, Parkway Drive – are described as leaning more towards Metal.

MetalcoreSepultura, who have been said to have “helped to lay the groundwork” in the 2000s, and Pantera, who influenced TrivFium, Atreyu, Bleeding Through and Unearth, ...

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Nu Metal

NU METAL (1994-present)

Nu Metal (also known as Nü-Metal and Aggro-Metal) is a form of Alternative Metal that combines elements of Heavy Metal music with elements of other music genres such as Hip Hop, Alternative Rock, Funk and Grunge. Bands in Nu Metal have drawn elements and influences from a variety of musical styles, including multiple genres of Heavy Metal. This form of Metal rarely features guitar solos; it is heavily syncopated and based on guitar riffs. Many Nu Metal guitarists use seven-string guitars that are down-tuned to play a heavier sound. DJs are occasionally featured in Nu Metal to provide instrumentation such as sampling, turntable scratching and electronic backgrounds. Vocal styles in Nu Metal include singing, rapping, screaming and growling.

Characteristics and Fashio...

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Industrial Metal

INDUSTRIAL METAL (1988-present)

Industrial Metal is a musical genre that draws from Industrial Dance music, Thrash Metal and Hardcore Punk, using repeating metal guitar riffs, sampling, synthesizer or sequencer lines and distorted vocals. Founding Industrial Metal acts include Ministry, Godflesh and KMFDM.

Industrial MetalIndustrial Metal developed in the late 1980s, as Industrial and Heavy Metal began to fuse into a common genre. In the early years of the 21st century, groups from the Black Metal scene began to incorporate elements of Industrial music. Industrial Metal did well in the early 1990s, particularly in North America, with the success of groups such as Nine Inch Nails. The Industrial Metal movement began to fade in the latter half of the 1990s.

History

Early Innovators

Though electric guitars h...

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Avant-Garde Metal

AVANT-GARDE METAL (Mid 1980s-present)

Avant-Garde Metal, also known as Avant-Metal or Experimental Metal, is a sub-genre of Heavy Metal music loosely defined by use of experimentation and characterized by the use of innovative, avant-garde elements, large-scale experimentation and the use of non-standard and unconventional sounds, instruments, song structures, playing styles and vocal techniques.

Avant-Garde MetalThis form of Metal is influenced by Progressive Rock and Extreme Metal, particularly Death Metal and is similar to and often overlaps with the similarly experimental Progressive Metal genre. Some local scenes include Los Angeles, the San Francisco Bay Area, Boston and Seattle in the United States, Oslo in Norway and Tokyo in Japan.

Characteristics

Avant-garde metal has been called the most diffic...

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Swedish Extreme Metal

SWEDISH EXTREME METAL (1990-present)

Swedish Extreme Metal is a Death Metal music scene developed in Sweden. Many Swedish Death Metal bands are associated with the Melodic Death Metal movement, thus giving Swedish Death Metal a different sound from other variations of Death Metal.

Swedish Extreme MetalUnlike American Death Metal groups, the first Swedish bands were rooted in Punk Rock. Although Norway is known for its quantity of Black Metal, Gothenburg in Sweden has a large Melodic Death Metal scene, while Stockholm is known for its more raw Death Metal scene.

History

Precursors – Unlike American groups, the Swedish Death Metal scene’s earliest originators were influenced by Punk Rock, especially the D-beat Hardcore Punk scene...

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Alternative Metal

ALTERNATIVE METAL (1985-present)

Alternative MetalAlternative Metal (also known as Alt-Metal or Hard Alternative) is a sub-genre of Rock music and Heavy Metal with influences from its parent-genre Alternative Rock and other genres not normally associated with Metal. Alt-Metal bands are often characterized by heavy guitar riffs, melodic vocals, sometimes harsh vocals, unconventional sounds within other Heavy Metal genres, unconventional song structures and sometimes experimental approaches to heavy music. The term has been in usage since the 1980s, although it came into prominence in the 1990s...

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New Wave of American Heavy Metal

NEW WAVE OF AMERICAN HEAVY METAL (2000-present)

The New Wave of American Heavy Metal (commonly abbreviated in NWOAHM) is a Heavy Metal music movement that originated in the United States during the early to mid-1990s and expanded most in the early to mid 2000s. Some of the bands considered part of the movement had formed as early as the late 1980s, but did not become influential or reach popular standing until the following decade. The term itself borrows from the New Wave of British Heavy Metal (NWOBHM) dating to 1979.

New Wave of American Heavy MetalAlthough the term is used by the media with increasing frequency, the definition has not been finished completely...

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Progressive Metal

PROGRESSIVE METAL (1970-present)

Progressive Metal (sometimes known as Prog Metal or Technical Metal) is a sub-genre of Heavy Metal, originating in the United Kingdom and the United States in the 1970s. It blends elements of Heavy Metal and Progressive Rock, taking the loud “aggression” and amplified electric guitar-driven sound of the former, with the more experimental, complex and “pseudo-classical” compositions of the latter.

Progressive MetalWhilst the genre emerged towards the late-1980s, it was not until the 1990s that Progressive Metal achieved commercial success. Dream Theater, Queensrÿche, Tool and Fates Warning are a few examples of Progressive Metal bands who achieved commercial success; additionally, Heavy Metal bands such as Megadeth incorporated elements of progressive music in their work...

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Glam / Pop Metal

GLAM / POP METAL (1978-present)

Glam Metal (also known as Hair Metal, Sleaze Metal and often used synonymously with Pop Metal) is a sub-genre of Hard Rock and Heavy Metal. It combines elements of those genres with Punk Rock and Pop Music, adding catchy hooks and guitar riffs, while borrowing from the fashion of 1970s Glam Rock.

Pop MetalThe style can be traced back to acts like Aerosmith, the Alice Cooper group, Boston, Cheap Trick, KISS, The New York Dolls and Van Halen. It arose in the late 1970s and early 1980s in the United States, particularly on the Los Angeles Sunset Strip music scene, pioneered by bands such as Mötley Crüe, Quiet Riot, Ratt and the New Jersey band Bon Jovi...

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